Accra, March 1, 2018 – The 2017 International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) Annual Report has been launched today in Vienna, Austria. The 2017 report examines the global drug control situation, with a focus on treatment and rehabilitation, and makes recommendations to help States take effective measures to address drug-related challenges in full compliance with international human rights standards and norms.
It further addresses a number of regional developments, including the underuse of controlled substances for medical purposes in some regions, the opioid overdose epidemic in others and legislative and regulatory changes, including those relating to the non-medical use of controlled substances in a few countries.
The report indicates that Africa remains a key transit region for drug trafficking and the use of various types of drugs, including cocaine, opioids, amphetamine-type stimulants, tramadol and emerging new psychoactive substances in the region is growing.
The illicit production of, trafficking in and abuse of cannabis in Africa are major concerns. While in previous years West African countries played a vital role in the trafficking of cocaine, North African countries are increasingly being used for the transit of cocaine originating in South America destined mostly for Europe.
On drug dependence treatment services, the report records that several African countries have improved their drug dependence treatment services. However, health-care systems in most countries lack the resources and capacity to determine the extent and patterns of drug use, or to oﬀer adequate drug prevention and treatment services.
The 2017 INCB Report rcognsies the treatment, rehabilitation and social reintegration of people aﬀected by drug use disorders as essential components of drug demand reduction. It also identifies stigma associated with drug use disorders as one of the most signifcant impediments to the treatment of drug dependency and a major obstacle to social reintegration. INCB therefore invites leaders, policymakers, and civil society to pay particular attention to the treatment needs of often-neglected groups and further calls on States to apply a comprehensive and holistic approach when assessing and addressing the needs of special populations, such as women, children, people in prisons and people aﬀected by mental health disorders, among others.
The full Report is available here: https://www.incb.org/incb/en/news/AR2017/incb-org-incb-en-news-ar2017-annual_report_2017.html